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Pacific Hurricane Season 2016
The above is the Pacific name list for 2016. The season begins in the Pacific today which is 16 days before the Atlantic season which beings on June 1st. If you recall last year was a banner year for the Eastern Pacific with the raging el nino. We saw a record number of major hurricanes on the Pacific side since record keeping began and Hurricane Patricia was the strongest observed since records have been kept in the Pacific basin. It was the first time that I could remember where advisories carried sustained winds at 200 mph! Here is the list of names for all areas across the globe.
2015 PACIFIC HURRICANE SEASON SUMMARY
Summary Table Name Dates Max Wind (mph) --------------------------------------------------- MH Andres* 28 May-4 Jun 145 MH Blanca* 31 May-9 Jun 145 H Carlos* 10-17 Jun 90 TS Ela** 8-10 Jul 40*** MH Dolores* 11-18 Jul 130 TS Enrique* 12-18 Jul 50 TS Felicia* 23-24 Jul 40 TD Eight-E* 27-29 Jul 35 H Guillermo* 29 Jul-7 Aug 110 MH Hilda* 6-13 Aug 140*** TD Eleven-E 16-18 Aug 35 MH Ignacio 25 Aug-5 Sep 145*** MH Jimena 26 Aug- 9 Sep 150 TS Kevin* 31 Aug-5 Sep 60 MH Linda* 5-10 Sep 125 TD Sixteen-E 20-21 Sep 35 H Marty 26- 1 Oct 80 TS Nora 9-15 Oct 70 MH Olaf 15-27 Oct 150*** MH Patricia 20-24 Oct 200 TS Rick 18-22 Nov 40 MH Sandra 23-28 Nov 145
Pacific Hurricane Season 2016 Outlook
Now that the El Nino has continued to weaken, it would seem the obvious forecast is that this season will be less active than last season. The forecast of the developing La Nina would create conditions for a more active season on the Atlantic side. As you recall last season the el nino limited development though Hurricane Joaquin did reach category 5 status briefly.
Pacific Hurricane Season 2016 Satellite Loops
This morning’s satellite loop shows disturbed weather in the tropical Pacific however there is shearing going on with strong westerlies aloft so conditions for the moment are somewhat unfavorable for any development in the short term.
This wide view carries it all the way west to include the East Central Pacific which usually doesn’t become active until later in the summer. For the time being convection in the tropical Pacific is fairly far to the south at this time.
Pacific Ocean Water Temperatures
May 2015 Departure From Normal
Above is the water temperature profile across the Pacific a year ago as the El Nino was beginning to develop. Notice there is the beginning of much above normal temperatures off South America and across the Equator. Now fast foward a year ahead to today and we have a completely different look in the Pacific. Near the equator we have a developing narrow belt of below normal sea surface temperatures. Considering that just several months ago this area was still running 2 to 3 degrees Celsius above normal, it has been quite a reversal. Also the ocean water temperatures along the west coast of Mexico has cooled considerably as well. These are of course not the only factors to consider in hurricane activity, but it is an important signal on the Pacific side that things are certainly a lot different this year. We also have an expanding area of cooler than normal ocean water temperatures in the North Pacific which is another big change. This could all be part of the process of La Nina developing in the longer term.
Pacific Hurricane Season 2016
Ocean Water Temperatures May 2016 Departure From Normal
On the Atlantic side we have seen colder water moving southward along the west coast of Europe to off the coast of North Africa. The tropical Atlantic ocean remains warmer than normal and so is the development zone off the African coast. Will that cold water off Europe continue to sink southward? Big question here as that could have impact on the Cape Verde Season which usually is in August until mid September. We will have more on the Atlantic Hurricane season over the next few weeks including opinions from other weather sources (Guest forecasts!) so stay tuned.
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